Kidney stone : Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Kidney stones or renal calculi are some solid masses made of crystals. Our body releases waste and fluid from blood in the form of urine. When blood has an unnecessary waste of particular type without fluid this lead to the clumps of waste known as kidney stone. CT scan tests for kidney stones.

Symptoms of kidney stone
1. Vomiting
2. Blood in the urine
3. Pain while urinating
4. Pain in the back and lower abdomen
5. Deep dull acne

Causes of kidney stone

1. Obesity

Unnecessary fat in the body can be the reason for kidney stones.

2. Low level of water intake

If you are not drinking adequate water daily can increase the risk of kidney stones.

3. Genetic transfer

If someone in your family had kidney stones then you are more likely to have it.

4. Old kidney stone

If you had a kidney stone in the past years then there re more chances os reoccurrence.

5. Certain diet

Diet including high protein and sugar or too much salt can affect the body and increase the chances of kidney stones.

6. Medication

Medication such as diuretics or calcium-based antacids can cause kidney stones.

1. Drink more water
2. Moderate calcium intake
3. Exercise daily
4. Intake less salt
5. Avoid non-veg food

Types of kidney stone

1. Calcium stones
These stones are in the form of calcium oxalate. It is because of some fruits, vegetables, nuts, and chocolates that contain high oxalate content.

2. Struvite stones
These stones are formed due to infection like urinary tract infection.

3. Uric acid stones
Those people who drink less water and eat high diet protein can suffer from uric acid stones.

4. Cystine stones
These stones are formed When the kidney releases too much of certain amino acids because of hereditary disorder.

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