Gonorrhea: Symptoms, Causes, and Prevention

Gonorrhea is the sexually transmitted disease, sometimes referred to as “the clap.” Sexually transmitted diseases emerge as the third most dangerous affliction in India, after tuberculosis and malaria and globally there are an estimated 78 million new cases every year of gonorrhea.

Some facts on gonorrhea
• Gonorrhea is the sexually transmitted disease that is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
• It can be passed from mother to its baby.
• Chlamydia and Gonorrhea can be experienced simultaneously.

Symptoms
Symptoms may be absent despite an active infection. Symptoms can appear anywhere from 1 to 14 days following exposure to the infection.

Symptoms in Men:
• Yellow, white or green urethral discharge, resembling pus
• Pain in scrotum or testicles
• Swelling or inflammation of the foreskin
• Swollen, warm, red and painful joints
• Frequent or painful urination
• Light swallowing, eye pain or eye discharge resembling pus

Symptoms in Women:
• Painful intercourse
• Fever
• Vulvar swelling
• Green or yellow vaginal discharge
• Heavier periods
• Vomiting and pelvic pain or abdominal pain
• Frequent or painful urination
• Swollen, warm, red and painful joints
• Light swallowing, eye pain or eye discharge resembling pus

Causes

It is an infection that is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Gonorrhea does not affect the reproductive tract, but can also affect the mucous membranes of the throat, mouth, rectum, and eyes.

It is a sexually transmitted disease and it can also be passed from an infected mother to her baby during delivery.

Prevention
There are many ways to prevent passing or acquiring on gonorrhea, they include:
• Use condoms for anal or vaginal intercourse
• Abstinence from sex
• Having sexual activity with an unaffected partner

The individual should speak with their doctor if they or their sexual partner have been exposed to gonorrhea or if they are experiencing any symptoms of gonorrhea.

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